To All: My review yesterday re beekeeping led me to
some differences that may be contributing to the decline of bees and
keepers who aren't experiencing and/or reporting same concerns.
Unfortunately I was interrupted and do not have the time right now
to state which site contained the info I am about to mention.
An extensive study was conducted titled "Thermology of Wintering
Bee Colonies" by Charles N. Owens, Agricultural Research
The study included the use of numerous, remote sensing elements or
thermocouplers. Use of tape heaters to hold colony at 40
degrees. Believe this is the 5-yr. study out of Madison,
One of the items I reviewed happened to mention "solar radiation"
as markedly affecting cluster movement. [may be primary
difference why hives located in forests are not adversely
affected....would need to evaluate distances from cellular antennae and
high voltage powerlines.....and compare w/those who use equipment
powered by electric vs. batterry, etc......jcm file note 3-29-07...]
In the northeastern , southeastern and western parts of the
U.S., electric fences are used to keep bears away from the
hives. I was not able to determine whether there is a
recommended distance between fencing and the hives but suspect they may
be fairly close to each other. http://edis.ifas.edu/BODY-AA090
Some of the information mentions that stronger colonies change
cluster location and size more than weaker colonies. Weaker
colonies can not genererate sufficient heat to move even a mild
While "temperature" is a concern and is known to both positively
and negatively affect bees, there are many explanations in the study re
thermology and the other literature regarding temperature variations
within the hives due to gathering of the bees, why it is important re
location of bees, humidity factors, mold issues and, of course the
concerns re mites, etc. Pesticide use is mentioned but
emphasis was on "limited use. I did come across that statement
"pesticides shall not be sprayed on any bloom..." [effects of
pesticides may be exacerbated by any EMF exposures.....jcm file note
In addition to solar radiation and close electric fencing where
applicable, many breeders use smokers. Some bees poke
their heads in and out of the frames and the smoke is repeated in the
process of separating bees from the honey.
Commercial beekeepeers use blowers to "evict from
super...." [not sure whether the blowers are electrical but
know there are "gas-driven motors" that, either the motor or the object
"being driven" may emit strong EMF's -- will be preparing email re
inverters and adverse effects on humans....jcm file note 3-29-07...]
If anyone is able to meet with a beekeeper and measure EMF's from
the blower, that might be a good place to start. We have the
study by Lai re hairdryers and DNA damage.
Commercial beekeepers may own as many as 500 hives. They
drive the hives "all over the place" to pollinae crops. Stress
was also mentioned in the various items I reviewed. We know that
stress and concomittant inflammation are major factors in regard to any
sort of radiation exposure whether ionizing or nonionizing and occur
The element of greed (possibly ignorance) also
enters the picture. One of the papers suggests owners may not
leave enough honey in hives for bees to survive.
Reorganization of cluters could be affected by time, temperature
and shortage of food.
Heating of hives changed cluster volume......eventual death of
colony wa caused by starvation and failure to replace old bees.
Believe this info re heating and cluster volume is in the Wisconsin
study. [I did not find any comment re EMF's due to electric
heaters in the study ...jcm file notes 3-29-07...]
Their is possibility any breeder may use heating pads at one time
or another but I was not able to confirm this either by reviewing
various breeder sites or by reviewing beekeeping product lines.
Keeping in mind close exposures to electric meters in two of my
grandsons (different cities) AND the facts such as marked increases in
overall immune function (IGG's) after moving their beds away from
electric meters, beekeepers may want to first focus on any items or
objects that emit EMF's close to location of the bees including
electric fences. My "non-expert studies" on two sets of
two guinea pigs each, also produced immune collapse in all four guinea
pigs plus death of one out of each set of two in 30 days after
exposures to electric meter. My files contain more than one lab
report (CBC's with differentials) documenting "correction in immune
function" -- lymphocyte and neutrophil counts after removing cages (3
mos. apart) away from electric meter.
The bees, the human babies and the guinea pigs have "joined ranks"
-- they all "tell the story...." Take care
Joanne C. Mueller
Guinea Pigs R Us
731 - 123rd Avenue N.W.
Minneapolis, Minnesota 55448-2127 USA
All truth goes through three stages: first it is ridiculed:
then it is violently opposed: finally it is accepted as self
evident. - Schopenhauer